The History of Africa

The Quest for Eternal Harmony

Second Edition

Student Resources: Part IV

Click on the tabs below to view a Further Reading list for Part IV, and additional resources for each of the chapters in this section of the book.

Further Reading

The age of construction

Cox, G.O. (1992). African Empires and Civilizations: Ancient and Medieval. Pan-African Publications. Lilongwe, Malawi.

Davidson, B. (1971). A Guide to African History. New York, NY: Doubleday.

Davidson, B. (1995). Africa in History. New York, NY: Touchstone.

Degraft-Johnson, J. D. (1998). African Glory: The Story of Vanished Negro Civilizations. Baltimore, MD: Black Classic Press.

Ehret, C. (2002). The Civilizations of Africa: A History to 1800. Charlottesville, VA: University of Virginia Press.

Murray J, S, B. A. (2007). Africa: Cultural Atlas for Young People. New York, NY: Chelsea House Publications.

Philips, J. E. (2007). Writing African History. Rochester, NY: University of Rochester Press.

Chapter 7


  1. History of Nubia. University of Santa Barbara Department of Anthropology
  2. Carthage. Ancient History Encyclopedia
  3. Hannibal of Carthage. Black History Heroes
  4. The Rise of the Aksum Obelisk is the Rise of Ethiopian History. Dr. Ayele Bekerie, Cornell University Africana Studies and Research Center


  1. Ge’ez: Life of a Dead Language. ELA Toronto


  1. Bab Souika, Tunis (Tunisia, 1899). Library of CongressPrints and Photographs DivisionPhotochrom Prints Collection

Chapter 8


  1. The Travels of Ibn Battuta
  2. Leo Africanus Description of Timbuktu. Fordham University
  3. African Kingdoms. Time Maps Civilization Overview
  4. Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History: The Trans-Saharan Gold Trade. The Metropolitan Museum of Art
  5. Soninke. Encyclopaedia Brittanica
  6. Tombouctou Manuscripts Project
  7. The Lion of Mali: The Hajj of Mansa Musa.


  1. Leo Africanus: A Man Between Worlds. BBC Arabic
  2. The Manuscripts of Timbuktu (Clip). California Newsreel
  3. Ancient West African Megacities (Clip). BBC
  4. Sundiata: The Heritage of the Griot (Clip). Kenny Mann
  5. Keita: The Heritage of the Griot (Clip). California Newsreel


  1. Lord and Lady Lugard (From Arnold Wright, “Twentieth Century Impressions of Hong-Kong, Shanghai, and other Treaty Ports of China,” 1908)


  1. 12th Century Manuscript on Sharifian History and Geneaology. Library of Congress, African and Middle Eastern Division

Chapter 9


  1. The History of Islam in Africa.
  2. Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History: Trade and Spread of Islam in Africa. The Metropolitan History of Art
  3. Great Zimbabwe National Monument. UNESCO
  4. Iron Age Kingdoms of Southern Africa. SAHO
  5. Ile-Ife. Encyclopaedia Britannica.
  6. Yoruba Language Lessons. University of Georgia African Studies Institute
  7. A Travel Blog Featuring Sungbo’s Eredos. Titi’s Wanderlust
  8. The Spread of Islam in West Africa. Stanford Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies
  9. Yoruba Cultural Studies. University of African Art Press


  1. Great Zimbabwe National Monument. UNESCO
  2. Custodian of Yoruba Culture and Tradition. Manchester Museum


1. The Great Zimbabwe Ancient Ruins. Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division


1. Intelligence Report of British Officer Stationed in Sudan, 1889. Durham University Library Archives & Special Collections

Chapter 10


  1. Benin Kingdom Gallery. Museum of Fine Arts Boston
  2. Herbert Samuel Heelas Macaulay. The Institute for Diasporic Studies, Northwestern University
  3. Dahomey. The Ouidah Museum of History, Benin
  4. Stone Towns of the Swahili Coast. Archeology Magazine
  5. Swahili Coast. PBS
  6. History of the Ashanti (Asante) Kingdom. GhanaWeb
  7. SAHO. South African History Online
  8. Uganda profile. BBC News Africa


1. Dahomey/Nigeria Boundary: U.S. Central Intelligence Agency map, 1969. Library of Congress, Geography and Map Division.