The History of Africa

The Quest for Eternal Harmony

Second Edition

Student Resources: Part VI

Click on the tabs below to view a Further Reading list for Part VI, and additional resources for each of the chapters in this section of the book.

Further Reading

The age of reconstruction

Adi, H. (2005). Pan-Africanism and the Politics of Liberation. African Holocaust. Accessed 13 September 2012.

Agyeman, O. (1997). Pan-Africanism and Its Detractors: A Response to Harvard's Race Effacing Universalists. Lewiston, NY: Edwin Mellen Press.

Frick, N., Janari, S., et al. (2006). History: Learner's Book. South Africa: New Africa Books.

Maguire, K. (2009), Ghana re-evaluates Nkrumah. Global Post. Accessed 13 September 2012.

PADEAP (Pan African Development Education and Advocacy Programme).

Pan-Africanism: A Basic Definition. Accessed 13 September 2012.

The Pan African Congresses: 1900-1945. BlackPast. Retrieved 30 January 2014.

Walters, R. (1997). African Diaspora: An Analysis of Modern Afrocentric Political Movements, African American Life Series, Detroit, MI: Wayne State University Press.

Chapter 13


  1. 1919 Pan-African Congress:Black Transnational Movement for Representationa and Land. Global Mappings
  2. Africana Age: Black Internationalism. Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture
  3. Dr. Kwame Nkrumah Digital Collection. Lincoln University
  4. Kwame Nkrumah at Penn: A Digital Exhibition. University of PA African Studies Center
  5. Julius Nyerere: Lifelong Learning and Education.
  6. South Africa’s National Liberation Movement. African National Congress
  7. Umkhonto weSizwe: The ANC and the Turn to Armed Struggle. South African History Online
  8. South Africa Black Consciousness Movement. Michigan State African Studies Center African Online Digital Library
  9. Atlantic Unbound Interviews: An African Voice, Chinua Achebe. The Atlantic Online
  10. Chinua Achebe, African Literary Titan Dies at 82. The New York Times
  11. Wole Soyinka. Stanford Presidential Lectures in the Humanities and Arts
  12. Wole Soyinka. Africa World
  13. Wole Soyinka Centre for Investigative Journalism
  14. Ngugi Wa Thiong’o Official Website
  15. The 10 Best African Writers (Who Aren’t Chinua Achebe). Citypress
  16. Frantz Fanon (1925–1961). Internet Encylopedia of Philosophy
  17. Frantz Fanon Biography. Postcolonial Studies at Emory
  18. Proclamation of the Algerian National Front: Liberation Front (FLN) November 1954. Historical Text Archive
  19. National Liberation and Culture, Amilcar Cabral. History is a Weapon
  20. Amilcar Cabral by Ana Maria Cabral. University of Massachusetts Dartmouth
  21. Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola. Encyclopaedia Brittanica
  22. Samora Machel. South African History Online
  23. Kenneth David Kaunda. Boston University African Presidential Center


  1. Africana Age: W.E.B. DuBois. Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture
  2. The Kwame Nkrumah Documentary. The Daily Motion
  3. Africana Age: South Africa National Athem. Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture
  4. Steve Biko: German Television Interview. TheDayDawnedRed
  5. An Evening with Chinua Achebe. Library of Congress
  6. Conversations with History: Wole Soyinka. UCTV
  7. Ngugi Wa Thiong’o Radio Interview. Karisan Media
  8. What Matters to Me and Why: Ngugi Wa Thiong’o . UC Irvine
  9. Frantz Fanon: White Skin, Black Mask (Clip). California Newsreel
  10. African Leaders: Frantz Fanon. (Clip). Facets Multimedia
  11. African Leaders: Amilcar Cabral (Clip). Facets Multimedia
  12. Africana Age: Spoken Introduction/Allelujah/Papi Ni Mama. Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture,


  1. “Education and Nationalism in Africa,” Francis Nwia-Kofi Nkrumah (Kwame Nkrumah), 1943. University of Pennsylvania African Studies Center
  2. “Guide to Party Action,” Address by Osagyefo Dr. Kwame Nkrumah, 1962. Lincoln University Special Collections
  3. “The Definition of Black Consciousness,” Bantu Stephen Biko, 1971
  4. “Writing for Peace,” Ngugi wa Thiong’o, 1982
  5. The Angolan Struggle: Produce and Resist. Michigan State African Activist Archive