Chapter 3 - Cultural Considerations

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Chapter 3 introduces the many non-musical features of music study, which typically relate to associated cultural activities. The intent is to introduce these theoretical tools and perspectives of cultural study, so that the reader is prepared for their appearance in discussions found in later chapters. The chapter concludes with an in-depth case study of Istanbul, Turkey, to show how music embodies many cultural elements related to geography, history, religion and cross-cultural interaction.

Key Terms

  • Aulos
  • Baglama
  • Bombarde
  • Bouzouki
  • Buzuk
  • Buzuq
  • Cobza
  • Doulcemelle
  • Emic
  • Etic
  • Gadulka
  • Hackbrett
  • Lyra
  • Mandolin
  • Rebec
  • Renaissance lute
  • Sandouri
  • Santur
  • Schalmei
  • Scheitholt
  • Shawm
  • Zurna
  • Zourna


Practice Quiz

On Your Own Time

Links and Further Resources

Becker, Judith. Deep Listeners: Music, Emotion and Trancing. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, 2008.
Clayton, Martin, Trevor Herbert and Richard Middleton, eds. The Cultural Study of Music: A Critical Introduction. New York: Routledge, 2012.
Post, Jennifer, C. Ethnomusicology: A Research and Information Guide. New York: Routledge, 2011.
Shepherd, John, and Peter Wicke. Music and Cultural Theory. Cambridge, UK: Polity Press, 1997.
Solís, Ted, ed. Performing Ethnomusicology: Teaching and Representation in World Music Ensembles.
Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 2004.
Stokes, Martin, ed. Ethnicity, Identity and Music: The Musical Construction of Place. Oxford, UK: Berg Publishers, 1997.
Turino, Thomas. Music as Social Life: The Politics of Participation. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 2008.
Marre, Jeremy, ed. The Nature of Music [3 programs: 1, Sources and Sorcery; 2, Songs and Symbols; 3, Legends and Labels]. (Out of print VHS videotape but worthwhile if found in a library).