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Chapter 1

Pg. 33: The First Amendment to the U.S. Constitution and the rest of the Bill of Rights

Pg. 34: The USA PATRIOT Act text

Pg. 34: Miami Herald Publishing Co. v. Tornillo (418 U.S. 241, 1974)

Pg. 37: Near v. Minnesota (283 U.S. 697, 1931)

Pg. 37: New York Times Co. v. United States (403 U.S. 713, 1971)

Pg. 37: Red Lion Broadcasting Co. v. FCC (395 U.S. 367, 1969)

Pg. 37: The Communications Act of 1934, as amended by the Telecommunications Act of 1996 (47 U.S. Code)

Pg. 39: United States v. Schwimmer (279 U.S. 644, 1929)

Pg. 42: Works by Deni Elliott

Pg. 43: Skokie Nazi march video from the History Channel

Pg. 45: The War of the Worlds radio broadcast (.mp3 file)

Pg. 46: Swift Vets and POWs for Truth homepage

Pg. 47: Philadelphia (1993) movie trailer

Pg. 49: Is It Ever OK to Name Rape Victims? Nicholas Kristof’s nytimes.com Feb. 4, 2010, blog post, followed by dozens of  readers’ comments

Pg. 51: One Laptop Per Child project

Pg. 51: National Film Board of Canada’s Filmmaker in Residence

Pg. 58: Liptak, Adam. (2007). “Verizon reverses itself on abortion messages.” New York Times, September 27. Retrieved from www.nytimes.com/2007/09/28/business/28verizon.html?_r=1&scp=1&sq=Verizon%20
Reverses%20itself%20on%20Abortion%20Messages&st=cse (March 24, 2008).

Chapter 2

Pg. 59: Committee of Concerned Journalists’ and Pew Research Center’s links to ethics codes.

Pg. 63: Louis W. Hodges’ article, “Conflict and the Professional Setting,” in Media Ethics magazine

Pg. 68: The Abu Ghraib Files on Salon.com (Caution: Some of these images are graphic.)

Pg. 69: The U.K. Official Secrets Act

Pg. 70: CBS News reported that it fired four journalists before anchor Dan Rather resigned in the wake of their reporting on President George W. Bush’s National Guard service

Pg. 75: The FCC quit enforcing the Fairness Doctrine in 1987 and killed it in 2003, according to the National Journal.

Pg. 76: Video of Sen. Joseph McCarthy in the HUAC hearings

Pg. 76: Bill Moyers Journal of April 25, 2007, video, transcripts and timelines for the documentary, “Buying the War: How Did the Mainstream Press Get It So Wrong?”

Pg. 78: The Parents Television Council tells how to file an official indecency complaint with the FCC

Pg. 80: The New York Times reported in 1998 that ABC News shelved an investigative report on Disney World

Chapter 3

Pg. 95: “The ‘Daily Me’ Is Here Already—It’s Called Twitter,” a GigaOM blog entry by Mathew Ingram

Pg. 96: Video of the late Tim Russert challenging fellow journalists to be aggressive reporters

Pg. 96: Background on the “Israeli-Palestinian conflict

Pg. 100: Immanuel Kant’s philosophy, from the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy

Pg. 100: John Rawls’ philosophy, from the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy

Pg. 100: Niccolo Machiavelli’s philosophy, from the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy

Pg. 101: Public Relations Society of America’s Code of Ethics

Pg. 101: Media critic Jay Rosen assesses “The Jerk at the Podium: Scott McClellan Steps Away”

Pg. 101: Hill and Knowlton’s public relations campaign for the 1991 Gulf War exposed, on PRWatch

Pg. 103: The complete text of Walter Lippmann’s “Public Opinion”

Pg. 105: New York Times article on the Mississippi Burning (film and incident)

Pg. 109: Huffington Post article concerning China’s ban of social networking websites

Pg. 113: Rashomon (1950) movie trailer

Pg. 113: Schindler’s List (1993) movie trailer

Pg. 115: Background on the Whitewater scandal, from the Encyclopedia of Arkansas History and Culture

Pg. 115: NASA biographies on the Challenger Explosion astronauts, including Christa McAuliffe

Pg. 116: A summary of “How to Lie With Statistics

Pg. 116: Blind Men and the Elephant story

Pg. 123: Transcript of an interview with Peter Arnett concerning his reports of the Gulf War

Pg. 123: Background on Jeffrey Schmalz and his fight with AIDS, from Media Studies Journal

Pg. 128: Be’er, Yizhar. (2009). “Human tragedy as a catalyst for change.” Common Ground News Service, April 9.Retrieved from http://www.commongroundnews.org/article.php?id=25249&lan=en&sid=08&sp=0

Chapter 4

Pg. 130: The text of Lee Loevinger’s article, “The Ambiguous Mirror

Pg. 131: New York Post political cartoon equating President Obama with a monkey

Pg. 134: Hutchins Commission for Freedom of the Press’ five requirements for the media

Pg. 135: Background on Gov. George Wallace’s “stand in the schoolhouse door”

Pg. 135: Title IX information website

Pg. 136: The “Frito Bandito” commercial

Pg. 137: Life imitating art or art imitating life: the connection between Jimmy Smits playing the nation’s first Latino president on “The West Wing” and Barack Obama, who became the nation’s first black president.

Pg. 138: New York Times stories about what happened to the “Central Park Jogger,” Trisha Meili

Pg. 140: The full text of the 1968 Kerner Commission Report

Pg. 140: See a clip from “In Whose Honor,” a documentary on American Indian logos

Pg. 149: On the 2010 census, nearly 22 million Americans wrote themselves in as “multiracial” or something else besides one of the four government-defined racial categories.

Pg. 150: The online versions of the Jewish Forward and El Diario-La Prensa newspapers

Pg. 163: BBC News World Edition. (2002a). “Minorities ‘let down by TV.’ ” November 12. Retrieved from http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/entertainment/2448387.stm

Pg. 163: BBC News World Edition. (2002b). “US TV news ‘fails Hispanics.’ ” December 16. Retrieved from http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/entertainment/2579371.stm

Pg. 164: James, Alison. (2005). “A diversity mandate.” Variety.com, November 22. Retrieved from http://www.variety.com/article/VR1117933400?refCatId=19

Pg. 164: Keveney, Bill. (2007). “Stars of South Asian descent are on the ascent.” USA Today, April 9.

Pg. 164: Lauzen, Martha. (2009). “The celluloid ceiling: Behind-the-scenes employment of women on the top 250 filmsof 2008.” Retrieved from http://www.wif.org/images/stories/news/lauzen_2008_celluloid_ceiling.pdf

Pg. 165: Nagel, Jan. (2008). “Gender in media: Females don’t rule.” Animation World Magazine, May 21. Retrieved from http://mag.awn.com/index.php?ltype=pageone&article_no=3646

Pg. 165: An overview of this and related studies can be found at http://www.thegeenadavisinstitute.org/downloads/GDIGM_Main_Findings.pdf

Pg. 165: Papper, Bob. (2008). “The face of the workforce.” RTDNA Communicator 62(6), pp. 10–12. Retrieved from http://www.rtdna.org/uploads/files/survey1.pdf. Each year’s RTDNA “Women & Minorities Survey” results are available at http://www.rtdna.org/channel/women_minorities_survey

Chapter 5

Pg. 166: The classical and modern versions of the Hippocratic Oath

Pg. 166: The Society of Professional Journalists code of ethics

Pg. 166: The National Press Photographers Association code of ethics

Pg. 166: The Radio Television Digital News Association code of ethics

Pg. 166: The Society of American Travel Writers code of ethics

Pg. 166: The National Conference of Editorial Writers code of ethics

Pg. 166: The Public Relations Society of America code of ethics

Pg. 166: The International Association of Business Communicators code of ethics

Pg. 166: The American Advertising Federation code of ethics

Pg. 166: The American Association of Advertising Agencies code of ethics

Pg. 166: The American Society of Newspaper Editors’ “10 Best Practices for Social Media”

Pg. 169: Idaho Falls Post Register newsroom ethics page

Pg. 170: Timeline of Edward Bernays’ career, from The Museum of Public Relations

Pg. 177: “Weblog Ethics,” by Rebecca Blood

Pg. 179: Background on the Tim Mahoney case study, from City Pages weekly newspaper

Pg. 181: The Washington Post’s Bob Woodward video and story on the confidentiality of his “Deep Throat” source, Mark Felt

Pg. 181: The Los Angeles Times Editor’s Note on the Iraq composite photographs by Brian Walski

Pg. 181: The university’s FAQ page on the 2006 incident involving the Duke lacrosse team

Pg. 181: Raleigh News & Observer editorial explaining its decision to name the woman who accused Duke lacrosse players of rape

Pg. 183: The Better Business Bureau Code of Advertising

Pg. 183: A case study on the public relations of the Exxon Valdez oil spill

Pg. 185: Cyberjournalist.net Bloggers’ Code of Ethics

Pg. 187: Eggerton, John. (2007). “RTNDA asks FCC to rescind Comcast VNR fines.” Broadcasting & Cable, November 1. Retrieved from http://www.broadcastingcable.com/article/CA6496474.html?rssid=193

Pg. 188: The Minnesota Independent, formerly the Minnesota Monitor, closed in 2011, according to minnpost, the state’s largest independent news site.

Pg. 188: Stelter, Brian. (2008). “NBC settles with family that blamed a TV investigation for a man’s suicide.” New York Times, June 26. Retrieved from http://www.nytimes.com/2008/06/26/business/media/26nbc.html?_r=2

Chapter 6

Pg. 190: The Society of Professional Journalists code of ethics

Pg. 197: The Radio Television Digital News Association code of ethics

Pg. 199: The Public Relations Society of America code of ethics

Pg. 214: “A brief history of SPAM and Spam,” from Wired magazine

Pg. 214: The dots and dashes of Morse Code

Pg. 216: The American Advertising Federation code of ethics

Pg. 216: The American Marketing Association statement of ethics

Pg. 216: Links to journalism codes of ethics for countries around the world

Pg. 218: Cyberjournalist.net Bloggers’ Code of Ethics

Pg. 219: An explanation of crowdsourcing, from Wired magazine

Pg. 220: How John Seigenthaler responded to his false Wikipedia biography

Pg. 225: “Influence peddling in the blogosphere,” by J. D. Lasica

Pg. 225: AC360º -- Anderson Cooper’s CNN blog

Pg. 225: The Daily Nightly – Brian Williams’ blog on msnbc

Pg. 227: An example of Debbie Brown’s “stories” about candidate Spenser Swalm, on yourhub.com

Pg. 228: Howard Rothman’s New West expose on Debbie Brown’s veiled press releases

Pg. 229: Frequently Asked Questions – and answers -- about YouTube

Pg. 229: Links to live camera shots and video of New York City

Pg. 231: The testing of mobile targeted marketing, as seen in the movie “Minority Report”

Pg. 231: A list of the many GPS mobile phone tracking “services” now available

Pg. 231: Background on cybernetics and its inventor, Norbert Wiener, on the girlwonder blog

Pg. 232: Background on Antonio Gramsci and his concept of hegemony, from Michael Dorsher’s dissertation research

Pg. 232: Video of Marshall McLuhan expounding on “hot” media and “cool” media in a 1967 interview

Pg. 232: Marshall McLuhan’s cameo appearance with Woody Allen in Annie Hall

Pg. 232: Pogo’s “We have met the enemy and he is us” cartoon, marking the first Earth Day

Pg. 235: Kelleher, Tom and Barbara M. Miller. (2006). “Organizational Blogs and the Human Voice: Relational strategies and relational outcomes.” Journal of Computer-Mediated
Communication: 11 (2). Retrieved from http://jcmc.indiana.edu/vol11/issue2/kelleher.html

Pg. 235: McBride, Kelly. (February 24, 2006). “The problem with citizen journalism,” PoynterOnline.  Retrieved from http://www.poynter.org/column.asp?id=67&aid=97418

Pg. 235: Paul, Nora. (March 24, 2005). “‘New News’ Retrospective: Is online news reaching its
potential?” Online Journalism Review. Retrieved from: http://www.ojr.org/new-news-retrospective-is-online-news-reaching-its-potential/

Chapter 7

Pg. 237: Video and audio of the staged outdoor concert at Barack Obama’s 2009 inauguration

Pg. 238: The original and airbrushed versions of the Kent State shooting photo

Pg. 239: Photos of the Kent State shootings and audio of “Ohio,” by Crosby, Stills, Nash and Young

Pg. 239: The Los Angeles Times Editor’s Note on the Iraq composite photographs by Brian Walski

Pg. 239: An example of an Orange County Register sky blue photo

Pg. 242: An assortment of Ansell Adams photographs

Pg. 242: The Associated Press Statement of News Values and Principles, including a section on “Images”

Pg. 242: The Time and Newsweek O.J. Simpson covers

Pg. 243: The National Press Photographers Association code of ethics

Pg. 244: Digitally enhanced fireworks and lip-sync video at the 2008 Beijing Olympics

Pg. 246: “Forrest Gump” meets President Kennedy at the White House

Pg. 247: The TV Guide cover superimposing Oprah’s head on Ann-Margret’s body

Pg. 247: Superimposed pyramids on a National Geographic cover

Pg. 250: Video – and the emotional live radio broadcast -- of the 1937 Hindenburg disaster

Pg. 255: National Press Photographers Association. (2004). “NPPA Board adopts new ‘modernized’ code of ethics.” July 10. Retrieved from www.nppa.org/news_and_events/news/2004/07/nppa_adopts_new_ethics_code.html

Pg. 255: Royhab, Ron. (2007). “A basic rule: Newspaper photos must tell the truth.” ToledoBlade.com, April 15. Retrieved from http://www.toledoblade.com/article/20070415/NEWS08/704150316

Chapter 8

Pg. 256: The meltdown of the newspaper industry explained in a 7-minute video

Pg. 256: The official trailer for the 2011 documentary, “Page One: A Year Inside The New York Times

Pg. 257: Video: a look back at “Mary Tyler Moore” and “Lou Grant”

Pg. 257: A selection of quotes from A. J. Liebling

Pg. 259: Video: Stephen Colbert takes on Ayn Rand in “The Word – Rand Illusion”

Pg. 260: Project Censored has an active Facebook page

Pg. 263: Background on National Public Radio’s audience estimates

Pg. 263: Stock charts for The New York Times and other major newspaper companies

Pg. 265: Stock charts for BlackBerry manufacturer Research In Motion and other tech communication companies

Pg. 265: Stock charts showing that iPhone manufacturer Apple has eclipsed BlackBerry manufacturer Research In Motion

Pg. 267: Program information on the National Conference for Media Reform

Pg. 267: Robert McChesney’s website includes a wide array of links to alternative media, information on his books and syllabi for his courses at the University of Illinois

Pg. 268: The top media executives’ salaries in 2012, according to The New York Times

Pg. 276: The Electronic Frontier Foundation works on privacy and intellectual property issues, as well as free speech

Pg. 277: A selection of quotes from H. L. Mencken

Pg. 278: Annual journalism job market surveys for new graduates

Pg. 281: The description of journalism as “the Fourth Estate” dates to early-19th century Britain

Pg. 282: The University of Wisconsin-Madison Center for Journalism Ethics website includes the essay, “Ethics in a Nutshell”

Pg. 284: Reports on news industry successes in Sweden and Norway, from the Suburban Newspapers of America Foundation

Pg. 287: Commentary on the late Jesse Helms’ persecution of the National Endowment for the Arts, from Slate

Pg. 288: Center for Media Literacy toolkit

Pg. 288: The Institute for Global Ethics website includes a section on business dilemmas

Pg. 289: The Media Education Foundation offers many documentaries, including ones on media ownership

Pg. 289: The Center for News Literacy shows school teachers how to teach news literacy

Pg. 290: Reclaim the Media hosts a blog on digital media literacy

Pg. 291: The Center for Independent Media has evolved into The American Independent, which includes a code of ethics for its alternative journalism

Pg. 291: Background “about” minnpost.com and the Voice of San Diego alternative news sites

Pg. 292: The ProPublica website includes its Pulitzer Prize-winning story on the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina, along with a guide to data collection for journalists

Pg. 294: The Capital Times online-only news site in Madison, Wis., includes a section devoted to higher education news

Pg. 302: Barnett, Jim. (2009). “Nonprofit journalism: The journey from anomaly to a new paradigm.” Nieman Journalism Lab, August 11. Retrieved from http://www.niemanlab.org/2009/08/nonprofit-journalism-the-journey-from-anomaly-to-a-new-paradigm/

Pg. 302: Clifford, Stephanie. (Oct. 29, 2008). “Christian Science Paper to End Daily Print Edition.” The New York Times, p. B8. Also available at http://www.nytimes.com/2008/10/29/business/media/29paper.html?scp=1&sq=Christian%20Science%20Paper%20to%20End%20Daily&st=cse

Pg. 302: Dotinga, Randy. (Feb. 12, 2008). “Nonprofit Journalism on the Rise.” The Christian Science Monitor, available at http://www.csmonitor.com/USA/2008/0212/p03s01-usgn.html.

Pg. 302: Downie, Leonard Jr., and Michael Schudson. (October 20, 2009a). The Reconstruction of American Journalism. New York: Graduate School of Journalism, Columbia University. Retrieved from http://www.journalism.columbia.edu/page/67/1

Pg. 302: Folkenflik, David. (Dec. 29, 2005). “Possible Knight Ridder Sale Brings Unlikely Suitors.”NPR All Things Considered. Available at www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=5074829.

Pg. 303: Guzzo, Glenn. (April 4, 2006). “The Knight Ridder Sale and the Outlook for Newspapers.” Project for Excellence in Journalism, available at www.journalism.org/node/137.

Pg. 304: Mutter, Alan. (July 18, 2007). “PCM dumps publishers.” Reflections of a Newsosaur blog, available at http://newsosaur.blogspot.com/2007/07/pcm-dumps-publishers.html

Pg. 304: “Newspaper Chains Face Tough Financial Challenges.” (Mar. 9, 2006). PBS NewsHour Media Unit Report, available at www.pbs.org/newshour/bb/media/jan-june06/paper_3-9.html

Pg. 304: Pickard, Victor, Josh Stearns and Craig Aarons (2009). Saving the News: Toward a National Journalism Strategy. New York: Free Press. Available for download from http://www.freepress.net/sites/default/files/fp-legacy/saving_the_news.pdf

Pg. 304: Seelye, Katharine Q. (Aug. 27, 2006). “What-Ifs of a Media Eclipse.” The New York Times, available at http://www.nytimes.com/2006/08/27/business/yourmoney/27knight.html?pagewanted

Pg. 305: Vise, David A. (Nov. 15, 2005). “Shareholder Pressure Leads Knight Ridder to Announce Sale.” The Washington Post, p. D03. Also available at www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2005/11/14/AR2005111401363.html

Pg. 305: Ward, Stephen J. A., editor-in-chief. (April, 2010). Ethics for the new investigative newsroom: A Roundtable Report on best practices for non-profit journalism. Madison: The Center for Journalism Ethics, School of Journalism and Mass Communication, University of Wisconsin-Madison. Available at http://www.journalismethics.info/2010_roundtable_report.pdf

Chapter 9

Pg. 307: UNESCO reviewed the effects of the MacBride Commission Report 25 years after it came out

Pg. 307:  “The Rise and Fall of NWICO – and Then?”: a research paper from the Nordic Information Centre for Media and Communication Research

Pg. 308: The National Center for Accessible Media works to bring the Internet to the blind and other people with disabilities

Pg. 309: The San Francisco Bay Guardian is still fighting against big media and conservative politics

Pg. 310: The Progress & Freedom Foundation closed in 2010 after declaring victory in the fight to keep the Internet market oriented

Pg. 311: Get the latest statistics on Internet usage, from the Pew Internet and American Life Project

Pg. 313: Among the places building citywide Wi-Fi networks was London – to be operational in time for its hosting of the 2012 Summer Olympics

Pg. 317: Google explains the legal and technical history and future of Google Books

Pg. 319: A history and timeline for the Ford Model T

Pg. 320: An explanation of HD radio

Pg. 321: The Columbia Institute for Tele-Information updated its “Broadband in America Report” in May 2011

Pg. 322: The video of Fort Bragg barracks conditions that caused a furor

Pg. 323: Video: FreePress.com’s take on the Rupert Murdoch takeover of the Wall Street Journal

Pg. 323: Rupert Murdoch’s assurances to the contrary of FreePress.com’s warnings, in his own Wall Street Journal editorial

Pg. 323: Lists, links and statistics on low-power FM stations

Pg. 324: In a 2010 survey, 52 percent of bloggers said they consider themselves journalists

Pg. 328: Brugmann, Bruce B. (2006). “The first 40: 40th anniversary special. How we made it against all odds—and why we’ll be here for the duration.” San Francisco Bay Guardian, October 17. Retrieved from http://www.sfbg.com/2006/10/17/first-40

Pg. 328: Dixon, Bruce. (2007). “Black lawmakers digitally redline African Americans.” CounterPunch, March 14. Retrieved from www.counterpunch.org/dixon03142007.html

Pg. 328: Google. (October 9, 2009), “A tale of 10,000,000 books.” The Official Google Blog, retrieved from http://googleblog.blogspot.com/2009/10/tale-of-10000000-books.html

Pg. 328: Griffith, Eric. (April 14, 2006). “The Problems with Citywide Wireless.” Wi-fi Planet. Available at http://www.wi-fiplanet.com/news/article.php/3599176/The-Problems-with-Citywide-Wireless.htm

Pg. 329: LaVallee, Andrew. (December 8, 2008). “A Second Look at Citywide Wi-Fi.” The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved from http://online.wsj.com/article/SB122840941903779747.html

Pg. 329: Liptak, Adam. (Sept. 27, 2007). “Verizon Reverses Itself on Abortion Messages.” The New York Times, retrieved from http://www.nytimes.com/2007/09/27/business/27cnd-verizon.html?scp=1&sq=Verizon%20Reverses%20Itself%20on%20Abortion&st=cse

Pg. 329: Newman, Jared. (March 26, 2010). “Time Warner Gives Free Wi-Fi to NYC Customers.” PCWorld: “Blogs.” Retrieved from http://www.pcworld.com/article/192564/time_warner_gives_free_wifi_to_nyc_customers.html

Pg. 329: New York Times, The. (May 19, 2008). “Democracy and the Web.” Available online at http://www.nytimes.com/2008/05/19/opinion/19mon2.html?scp=1&sq=Democracy%20and%20the%20Web&st=cse

Pg. 329: Noam, Eli. (Aug. 29, 2006). “A third way for net neutrality.” Financial Times, online edition (FT.com) available online at http://www.ft.com/cms/s/2/acf14410-3776-11db-bc01-0000779e2340.html

Pg. 329: Pew Internet & American Life Project. (2009). Home Broadband Adoption 2009. Available online at http://www.pewinternet.org/Reports/2009/10-Home-Broadband-Adoption-2009.aspx?r=1, with continually updated data on broadband available at http://pewinternet.org/topics/Broadband.aspx?typeFilter=5

Pg. 329: U.S. Government Accountability Office. (May, 2006). TELECOMMUNICATIONS: Broadband Deployment is Extensive throughout the United States, but It Is Difficult to Assess the Extent of Deployment Gaps in Rural Areas. Washington, DC: GAO-06-426, a report to Congressional Committees. Available online at http://www.gao.gov/new.items/d06426.pdf

Chapter 10

Pg. 333: The Washington Post’s coverage on the conditions at Walter Reed Army Medical Center

Pg. 337: President Wilson’s stroke in 1919 didn’t fully come to light until 2007

Pg. 337: The media didn’t show photos like this, of President Franklin Delano Roosevelt in his wheelchair, when he was leading the nation through the Depression and World War II

Pg. 337: Background on the Paula Jones case against President Clinton

Pg. 339: Poynter Institute ethicist Bob Steele analyzed the Food Lion case in 1997

Pg. 340: Episodes of the latest hidden camera TV show: “What Would You Do?

Pg. 343: The St. Louis Journalism Review presented a detailed examination on whether and when college journalists should name rape accusers

Pg. 346: Audio: “This American Life” tells the story of how old rape allegations turned into a ratings race in Idaho – beginning 35 minutes into this episode from late 2007

Pg. 348: The infamous “Monkey Business” photo with Donna Rice that ended Sen. Gary Hart’s political career

Pg. 351: Andy Warhol got about 15 minutes of fame on ABC’s 20/20 in 1980

Pg. 351: Video: The media spotlight has burned bright on glamorous first ladies Jacqueline Kennedy and Michelle Obama

Pg. 353: The Seattle Times story on the database fleecing of a 96-year-old woman

Pg. 356: Microsoft explains the value and simplicity of its Computer Online Forensic Evidence Extractors for law enforcement agencies

Pg. 365: The future of personalized billboard advertising – as portrayed in the movie “Minority Report” – is just about here

Pg. 365: Video: a scene with the “pre-cogs” in “Minority Report”

Pg. 375: “What is Second Life?” – from the Second Life site

Pg. 380: Eaton, Kit. (March 23, 2009). “MIT’s Sixth Sense Machine Makes Reality Better,” Fast Company. Accessed from http://www.fastcompany.com/blog/kit-eaton/technomix/mits-sixth-sense-machine-makes-reality-better

Pg. 380: Electronic Frontier Foundation (2008). Accessed from http://www.eff.org/

Pg. 380: Euronews (March 31, 2009). “Internet companies warned over privacy,” Euronews. Accessed from http://www.euronews.net/2009/03/31/internet-companies-warned-over-privacy/

Pg. 381: howstuffworks (2009). “How much water is there on Earth?” howstuffworks.com. Accessed from http://www.howstuffworks.com/question157.htm

Pg. 381: Internet Traffic Report (2008). Internet Traffic Report. Accessed from http://www.internettrafficreport.com/

Pg. 381: Nussbaum, Emily. (February 12, 2007). “Say Everything,” New York Magazine. Accessed from http://nymag.com/news/features/27341/

Pg. 381: Sill, Melanie. (April 12, 2007). “N&O’s decision to identify accuser was made with care.” The News & Observer, Raleigh, NC, retrieved from http://www.newsobserver.com/2007/04/12/82050/nos-decision-to-identify-accuser.html#storylink=misearch

Pg. 382: Sutter, John D. (July 15, 2009). “Governments trying to reel in ‘ocean sprawl.’ ” CNN.com/technology. Accessed from http://www.cnn.com/2009/TECH/science/07/15/ocean.planning/index.html

Pg. 382: Wood, Robert. (March 2008). “Fly, Robot, Fly,” IEEE Spectrum Online. Accessed from http://spectrum.ieee.org/mar08/6017

Chapter 11

Pg. 383: Consumer Reports’ “no commercial use” policy

Pg. 384: Background on Sissela Bok and video of her interview with Bill Moyers

Pg. 386: The Advertising Age DataCenter includes statistics on the top ad buyers and recipients

Pg. 386: Video: Asa Berger explains some of his books – and their covers

Pg. 386: The latest advertising data, from the American Association of Advertising Agencies

Pg. 390: Grunig’s two-way model is one of the topics of the blog, “Putting the Public Back Into Public Relations”

Pg. 390: The PRSA website includes an article on “The Great VNR Debate

Pg. 392: Glen Mabie talked about his dilemma in an interview with the Columbia Journalism Review

Pg. 392: Business Week unearthed the hidden bias of the “Wal-Marting Across America” blog

Pg. 396: Even as Allstate updates its TV ads, it keeps the “Good Hands” tagline

Pg. 397: Stephen Colbert celebrates the inclusion of his definition of “truthiness” in the New Oxford American Dictionary

Pg. 398: The PRSA code of ethics

 Pg. 401: A retrospective of Joe Camel print ads still lives on YouTube

Pg. 403: You can watch this week’s Channel One news online

Pg. 407: Austin, Erica Weintraub, Yi-chin “Yvonnes” Chen, Bruce E. Pinkleton and Jessie Quintero Johnson. (2006). “Benefits and Costs of Channel One in a Middle School Setting and the Role of Media-Literacy Training.” Pediatrics Vol. 117, pp. e423-e433, retrieved from www.pediatrics.org/cgi/content/full/117/3/e423

Pg. 407: Channel One Web site. “About Channel One News: Who Are We?” Retrieved from http://www.channelone.com/for-students/

Pg. 408: Elliott, Stuart. (April 14, 2004). “The Media Business: Advertising; A survey of consumer attitudes reveals the depth and challenge that agencies face. The New York Times.
Retrieved from http://www.nytimes.com/2004/04/14/business/media-business-advertising-survey-consumer-attitudes-reveals-depth-challenge.html?scp=1&sq=A%20survey%20of%20consumer%20attitudes&st=cse

Pg. 408: Federal Trade Commission. (2007). “Children Not Seeing More Food Ads on Television.” Retrieved from http://www.ftc.gov/opa/2007/06/childrenadstudy.shtm

Pg. 408: Mabie, Glen. (January 22, 2008). “Ethics in journalism,” on The West Side, broadcast on WHWC, Menomonie-Eau Claire, WI. Archived by Wisconsin Public Radio and
available at http://www.wpr.org/webcasting/mp3_download.cfm?file=tws080122.mp3

Pg. 409: Story, Louise. (October 11, 2006). “Celebrities embrace advertising’s limelight.” International Herald Tribune. Retrieved from http://www.nytimes.com/2006/10/11/business/worldbusiness/11iht-adco.3122502.html?_r=1

Chapter 12

Pg. 411: Plugola was evident in news stories about the last episode of the “Seinfeld” sitcom

Pg. 412: Consumer Reports’ “no commercial use” policy

Pg. 412: “Inside Edition” questions whether subliminal advertising is still on TV

Pg. 414: The Show World mapping website offers eye-opening examples of the Van Restorff effect

Pg. 417: Video: The breakthrough product placement of Ray-Bans on a young, pre-nose-job Tom Cruise  in “Risky Business”

Pg. 421: Teams and fans shot down the idea of putting “Spiderman 2” logos on the bases at Major League Baseball games

Pg. 423: A bit more background on John Rawls’ view of social contract theory

Pg. 423: Michael Dorsher’s schematic model of hegemony

Pg. 423: Background on Napster, the granddaddy of file sharing programs

Pg. 424: A simple graph of Metcalfe’s Law

Pg. 425: The next technology to target ads at you – satellite TV

Pg. 428: “7 Habits of Highly Effective People” author Stephen R. Covey blogs on synergy and proactivity

Pg. 429: Images of Andy Warhol’s Campbell’s soup paintings

Pg. 430: American Advertising Federation. (1984). “Advertising ethics and principles.” Retrieved from http://www.aaf.org/images/public/aaf_content/images/ad%20ethics/IAE_Principles_Practices.pdf

Pg. 430: Burns, Enid. (2007). “OPA Analysis: Content Dominates Time Spent Online.” Retrieved from http://www.clickz.com/3626731

Pg. 430: Dorsher, Michael. (October, 2002). “Hegemony online: the quiet convergence of power, culture, and computers.” Paper presented to the Association of Internet Researchers international conference, Minneapolis, MN. Retrieved from http://www.uwec.edu/mdorsher/ica2001/hegemony_online.htm

Pg. 431: Engel, Mary. (2005). “Letter to Commercial Alert.” Retrieved from http://www.commercialalert.org/FTCletter2.10.05.pdf

Pg. 431: Fallows, Deborah. (2007). “Spam 2007.” Retrieved from http://www.pewInternet.org/PPF/r/214/report_display.asp

Pg. 431: Hansell, Saul. (2004). “As Consumers Revolt, a Rush to Block Pop-Up Online Ads.” Retrieved from http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9F06E4DB1439F93AA25752C0A9629C8B63

Pg. 431: Lynch, David (2007). “David Lynch on product placement,” YouTube.com. Retrieved from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=F4wh_mc8hRE

Pg. 431: Sauer, Abram. (2005). “Product Placement: Making the Most of a Close Up.” Retrieved from http://www.brandchannel.com/features_effect.asp?pf_id=282

Pg. 431: Word of Mouth Marketing Association. (2005). “Practical Ethics Toolkit.” Retrieved from http://www.womma.org/ethics/

Chapter 13

Pg. 432: The opening and scenes from the TV series “The Naked City,” where there are “eight million stories”

Pg. 433: A Chinese company’s animated recreation of the Tiger Woods SUV crash

Pg. 434: BBC footage from the crash that killed Princess Diana

Pg. 435: Then-candidate Richard Nixon on Laugh-In: “Sock it to me?!”

Pg. 436: A review of politicians’ appearances on “Saturday Night Live”

Pg. 437: Simon Cowell reportedly retained a psychologist for “Britain’s Got Talent” after shy singer Susan Boyle suffered a nervous breakdown

Pg. 437: “Wait, Wait … Don’t Tell Me” audio archive: You can download the podcast or listen online

Pg. 438: Stop the presses! “The Daily Show” catches a politician in a lie

Pg. 442: The “Rock the Vote” website remains active, even in election off-years

Pg. 442: The trailer for MTV’s “16 and Pregnant

Pg. 444: The “Doonesbury” strip foreshadowing Obama’s election victory

Pg. 445: The entire HBO film “And the Band Played On” is available on YouTube

Pg. 448: Investopedia defines and explains Gresham’s Law

Pg. 449: Who was “Kojak”? Telly Savalas, “Who loves ya, baby”

Pg. 450: Video: “The Best of Nightline, With Ted Koppel

Pg. 453: Audio: “This American Life” explains the collapse of the banking system – in 59 minutes

Pg. 453: Views on whether bloggers, including WikiLeaks’ Julian Assange, are journalists:

Pg. 453: Video from the tainted “Quiz Show,” TV’s first un-real reality show

Pg. 459: Cohen, Noam. (2009). “Animated video of Tiger Woods crash draws a crowd.” A story from New York Times, reprinted in Seattle Times, December 6, p. A4. Retrieved from http://seattletimes.nwsource.com/html/nationworld/2010435912_animatednews06.html

Pg. 459: Kakutani, Michiko. (2008). “Is Jon Stewart the most trusted man in America?” New York Times, August 17. Retrieved from http://www.nytimes.com/2008/08/17/arts/television/17kaku.html?pagewanted=all

Chapter 14

Pg. 461: Human rights activists said some U.S. soldiers seemed to be learning torture techniques from “24” lead character Jack Bauer

Pg. 463: The British Broadcasting Corp. examined how sexy Italian TV shows affect girls in the audience

Pg. 466: Video: the late researcher George Gerbner explained his “mean world syndrome” research

Pg. 466: There really is a Puppy Bowl alternative to the Super Bowl

Pg. 469: A summary and chart on Carol Gilligan’s care-based ethical development

Pg. 471: Caution: Here are the Prophet Mohammed cartoons the led to hundreds of deaths in Muslim riots and attacks

Pg. 472: Caution: Here is the only known footage of the assassination of President John F. Kennedy

Pg. 474: A 30-second video on how to set your TV’s V-chip

Pg. 481: An explanation of the movie ratings system

Pg. 483: A one-minute preview of “Natural Born Killers

Pg. 486: Anderson, Craig A. (October, 2003). “Violent video games: Myths, facts, and unanswered questions.”Psychological Science Agenda 16(5), pp. 1–3. Available at http://www.apa.org/science/about/psa/2003/10/anderson.aspx

Pg. 486: Congressional Public Health Summit. (2000). “Joint statement on the impact of entertainment violence on children.” July 26. Retrieved from http://www2.aap.org/advocacy/releases/jstmtevc.htm

Pg. 486: Eggerton, John. (2007). “New Kaiser study sends mixed message.” Broadcasting & Cable, June 19. Retrieved from www.broadcastingcable.com/article/109288-New_Kaiser_Study_Sends_Mixed_Message.php

Pg. 487: Song, Kyung M. (2007). “Research links TV violence to aggression—but not in girls.” Seattle Times, November 5. Retrieved from http://seattletimes.nwsource.com/html/localnews/2003994412_violenttv05m.html

Chapter 15

Pg. 493: Alex S. Jones argues that it’s time for journalists to make “Objectivity’s Last Stand” – in an excerpt from his book, “Losing the News: The Future of News That Feeds Democracy”

Pg. 494: One of the people who repeatedly sold his story about his acquaintance with O.J. Simpson was University of Wisconsin-Eau Claire dropout Kato Kaelin

Pg. 494: The producer of “A Current Affair” told Salon.com that tabloid TV didn’t die, it just went mainstream

Pg. 494: Zapruder film: Caution: Here is the only known footage of the assassination of President John F. Kennedy

Pg. 496: Boynton, Robert. (2008). “Checkbook journalism revisited: Sometimes we owe our sources everything.” Columbia Journalism Review. January-February. Available at http://www.cjr.org/essay/checkbook_journalism_revisited.php

Pg. 497: In 2010, Katie Couric introduced five examples of citizen journalism videos that ran on YouTube during its first five years of existence

Pg. 497: The YouTube Reporters’ Center includes more than 50 videos with tips for citizen journalists from expert journalists in all media

Pg. 500: The Missouri Press Association has produced a 13-minute video on Walter Williams and “The Journalist’s Creed

Pg. 502: The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics predicts that the news industry will lose 6,400 jobs from 2010 to 2020

Pg. 502: Associated Press. (2007). “Santa Rosa TV station tries citizen journalism.”  Napa Valley Register, February 12. Available at http://napavalleyregister.com/news/national/santa-rosa-tv-station-tries-citizen-journalism/article_08968853-47b1-5acd-a015-f8cef2b17a7b.html

Pg. 502: Gillmor, Dan. (2004). We the Media: Grassroots Journalism by the People, for the People. Sebastopol, CA: O’Reilly Media. Available at http://oreilly.com/catalog/wemedia/book/

Pg. 502: MSNBC. (2009). “Be a citizen journalist.” Available at http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/6348977/#.UIFr4_V_ATA

Pg. 502: Poulson, Dave. (2006). Presentation on luncheon panel, “Citizen Media: J-School Entrepreneurial Ventures,” Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication convention, San Francisco, CA, August 4. Available at http://www.j-lab.org/workshops/category/summits/citizen-media-j-school-entrepreneurial-ventures

Pg. 503: Transcript of the U.S. Supreme Court decision Branzburg v. Hayes, 408 U.S. 665 (1972), from FindLaw

Pg. 504: Video: University of Minnesota media ethics and law professor Jane Kirtley explains why journalists and sources need a federal shield law

Pg. 504: A map and summary of states with source shield laws, from the Reporters Committee for Freedom of the Press

Pg. 504: Michael Dorsher has prepared a Potter Box outline on “Confidential Sources: The Case of Judith Miller, Scooter Libby and Valerie Plame”

Pg. 506: Video of The Washington Post’s Bob Woodward talking about his encounters with the source dubbed “Deep Throat,” W. Mark Felt.

Pg. 506: “Primary Colors” author Joe Klein talked about his famous lie during a 2006 interview with The Guardian newspaper in England.

Pg. 507: Matthew Cooper’s 2003 story in Time magazine named Valerie Plame and led to his grand jury testimony.

Pg. 508: Transcript of the U.S. Supreme Court decision Cohen v. Cowles Media Co., 501 U.S. 663 (1991), Justia.com

Pg. 508: Alter, Jonathan. (2005). “You shield us, we’ll shield you.” Newsweek 146, p. 5. Available at http://www.thedailybeast.com/newsweek/2005/07/11/you-shield-us-we-ll-shield-you.html

Pg. 508: Awad, Isabel. (2006). “Journalists and their sources: lessons from anthropology.” Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Communication Association, New York, October 5. Available at http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p_mla_apa_research_citation/0/1/4/0/6/pages14069/p14069-1.php

Pg. 508: Jones, RonNell Andersen. (2009). “Media subpoenas, impact, perception, and legal protection in the changing world of American journalism.” 84 Washington Law Review 317. Available at http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=1407105

Pg. 508: Smolkin, Rachel. (2005). “Uncharted terrain.” American Journalism Review 27 (5), pp. 32-41. Available at http://www.ajr.org/article.asp?id=3966

 Pg. 508: Van Natta Jr., Don, Adam Liptak, and Clifford J. Levy. (2005). “The Miller case: A notebook, a cause, a jail cell and a deal.” The New York Times, October 16. Available at http://www.nytimes.com/2005/10/16/national/16leak.html?pagewanted=all&_r=0

Pg. 509: Sam Donaldson is not the only journalist to command high speaking fees, according to American Journalism Review

Pg. 511: At about $35,000 in 2011, the median annual salary for U.S. journalists was slightly above the median for all U.S. workers

Pg. 511: Auletta, Ken. (September 12, 1994). “Fee Speech.” The New Yorker, pp. 40–47. Available at: http://www.newyorker.com/archive/1994/09/12/1994_09_12_040_TNY_CARDS_000367493

Pg. 512: The New York Times’ public editor took up “A Question of Honorifics” in 2007, deciding against them, even though The Times still uses them

Pg. 513: CNN wrote about – and provided video of – U.S. Rep. Joe Wilson’s shout of “You lie!” to President Obama

Pg. 513: Video: Saturday Night Live’s send-up of the “You lie!” incident

Pg. 514: Excerpts from Salman Rushdie’s “Satanic Verses”

Pg. 514: The trailer for “Dogma,” one of the early pairings of Ben Affleck and Matt Damon – plus Chris Rock

Pg. 514: Video: Vice President Dan Quayle’s comments about “Murphy Brown”

Pg. 515: A retrospective on the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation’s “Little Mosque on the Prairie,” when it ended its six-season run in 2012

Pg. 515: CNN’s then-live coverage of the FBI attack on the Branch Davidian compound in Waco, Texas

Pg. 518: The New York Times’ policy on reader Comments urges its registered users to “Be courteous”

Pg. 518: Lacitis, Erik. (August 20, 2008) “National publisher kills Spokane journalist’s book.” The Seattle Times, p. B1, available at http://seattletimes.com/html/localnews/2008125629_yankedbook20m.html

Pg. 518: Singer, Jane B. (Spring 2009). “Moderation in Moderating Comments.” Media Ethics, 20:2, pp. 1, 10-12, available at http://www.mediaethicsmagazine.com/index.php/analysis-commentary/3746269-moderation-in-moderating-comments

Pg. 518: Poynter Institute ethicist Bob Steele analyzed the Food Lion case in 1997

Pg. 519: The movie “All the President’s Men” depicted a meeting between Bob Woodward and his confidential source, “Deep Throat

Pg. 519: Upton Sinclair was the author of “The Jungle,” which exposed unsanitary and brutal conditions in the Chicago stockyards

Pg. 520: A biography of Nellie Bly, the 19th century female muckraker who posed as a mental patient for 10 days

Pg. 522: Hodges, Louis W. (Spring 1997). “The Real Issue Is Tainted Food.” Media Ethics 8(2),
p. 4. Hodges was an expert witness for the defense in the Food Lion case. This issue of Media Ethics contained several articles exploring Food Lion v. ABC from various viewpoints. Available at https://docs.google.com/viewer?url=http://www.mediaethicsmagazine.com/images/spring1997/theRealIssue.pdf

Pg. 522: Steele, Bob. (April, 1997). “ABC and Food Lion: The Ethics Questions.” RTNDA
Communicator, p. 56. Available at http://www.poynter.org/uncategorized/2125/abc-and-food-lion-the-ethics-questions/

Pg. 522: One of the “Doonesbury” comic strips featuring pack journalism

Pg. 523: BBC footage from the crash that killed Princess Diana, caused by paparazzi

Pg. 524: Former “Saturday Night Live” writer and actor Al Franken is a U.S. senator for Minnesota

Pg. 526: Bates, Stephen. (Fall 1994). “Who Is the Journalist’s Client?” Media Ethics 7(1), p. 3. Available at https://docs.google.com/viewer?url=http://www.mediaethicsmagazine.com/images/fall1995/jourClient.pdf

Pg. 527: Video: Chicago reporter Studs Terkel on the art of interviewing

Pg. 530: Video: An examination of embedded journalists – in Iraq and on the campaign trail

Pg. 531: Robertson, Campbell. (Jan. 27, 2009). “For Iraqi Journalists, Free Press vs. Free Land.” The New York Times, retrieved September 6, 2009. Available at http://www.nytimes.com/2009/01/28/world/middleeast/28journalists.html?pagewanted=all&_r=0