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Chapter image Chapter 2: A learning and teaching model

Figure 2.1

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How the brain works. (9.06 Australia)

Describes neurons and basic brain processes, including the plasticity of the brain.


Insights into the brain of an autistic child. (1.48.38 US)

Richard Dolmetsch, Assistant Professor of Neurobiology at Stanford University, discusses the structure and functions of the brain and the nervous system, particularly as they relate to autistic disorders.


Figure 2.2

Source: OECD (2007), Understanding the brain: The birth of a learning science. Paris: OECD Publishing. http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/9789264029132-en

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OECD. (2007). Understanding the brain: The birth of a learning science. Paris: OECD.

Chapter 1 provides an ‘ABC’ of the contents of the report by listing keywords and concepts in alphabetical order covered in the chapters to follow. It begins with ‘Acquisition of knowledge’ and ‘Brain’, and runs through to ‘Variability’, ‘Work’ and ‘XYZ’. The reader can choose a particular topic of interest and the corresponding description points to the relevant chapter(s), which provide more in-depth coverage of the issue.


Brain basics.

Provides a model of the brain. Run your mouse over it to obtain descriptions of the various functions of different parts of the brain. This relates very well to the description in the text on pp21–22.


National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH).

The National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) website provides research-based material on the understanding, treatment and prevention of mental disorders. The NIMH mission is to increase the awareness, identification and prevention of mental illness and behavioural disorders through research on the mind, brain and behaviour.


Lepi, K. (2012). A simple guide to 4 complex learning theories.

A helpful infographic does a solid job of breaking down the basics of learning theories in a visual and understandable format.


Most influential theories of learning.

UNESCO defines the major concepts and theories of learning as including behaviourist theories, cognitive psychology, constructivism, social constructivism, experiential learning, multiple intelligence, and situated learning theory and community of practice.


Behaviour Management (Canterbury Christ Church University College) Review Group: A systematic review of how theories explain learning behaviour in school contexts.

The overall aim of the review was to inform Initial Teacher Education tutors about the theoretical underpinnings of learning behaviours in school contexts in order to enhance ITE in behaviour management for trainees. In essence, the group were concerned that this review should contribute to training that allows trainees to reflect upon the purpose of behaviour management.