Multiple choice quiz

Further reading

Chapter 1: Introduction to social neuroscience

Fedorenko, E., Duncan, J., & Kanwisher, N. (2013). Broad domain generality in focal regions of frontal and parietal cortex. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States Of America, 110(41), 16616–16621.

Stanley, D. A., & Adolphs, R. (2013). Toward a neural basis for social behavior. Neuron, 80(3), 816–826.

Chapter 2: The methods of social neuroscience

Cassidy, K. D., Boutsen, L., Humphreys, G. W., & Quinn, K. A. (2014). Ingroup categorization affects the structural encoding of other-race faces: Evidence from the N170 event-related potential. Social Neuroscience, 9, 235–248. [A recent study examining how the N170 ERP component (indicative of face perception) is affected by social and racial categories]

Churchland, P. S., & Sejnowski, T. J. (1988). Perspectives on cognitive neuroscience. Science, 242, 741–745. [An early, classic paper (before the advent of fMRI) that sets out the agenda for the field] Available at:

Damoiseaux, J. S., Rombouts, S.A.R.B., Barkhof, F., Scheltens, P., Stam, C. J., Smith, S. M., & Beckmann, C. F. (2006). Consistent resting-state networks across healthy subjects. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 103(37), 13848–13853.

Henson, R. (2005). What can functional neuroimaging tell the experimental psychologist? Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 58A, 193–233. [An excellent summary of the role of functional imaging in psychology and a rebuttal of common criticisms]

Chapter 3: Evolutionary origins

DeScioli, P., & Kurzban, R. (2009). The alliance hypothesis for human friendship. PLoS One, 4(6). doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0005802

Seyfarth, R. M., & Cheney, D. L. (2002). What are big brains for? Proceedings of the National Academy of Science, USA, 99(7), 4141–414.

Warneken, F., Hare, B., Melis, A. P., Hanus, D., & Tomasello, M. (2007). Spontaneous altruism by chimpanzees and young children. Plos Biology, 5(7), 1414–1420.

Chapter 4: Emotion and motivation

Bush, G., Vogt, B. A., Holmes, J., Dale, A. M., Greve, D., Jenike, M. A., & Rosen, B. R. (2002). Dorsal anterior cingulate cortex: A role in reward-based decision making. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 99(1), 523–528.

Calder, A. J., Young, A. W., Rowland, D., Perrett, D. I., Hodges, J. R., & Etcoff, N. L. (1996). Facial emotion recognition after bilateral amygdala damage: Differentially severe impairment of fear. Cognitive Neuropsychology, 13(5), 699–745.

Ekman, P. (1992). An argument for basic emotions. Cognition and Emotion, 6(3/4), 169–200.

Hajcak, G., MacNamara, A., & Olvet, D. M. (2010). Event-related potentials, emotion, and emotion regulation: An integrative review. Developmental Neuropsychology, 35(2), 129–155.

Oberman, L. M., Winklelman, P., & Ramachandran, V. S. (2007). Face to face: Blocking facial mimicry can selectively impair recognition of emotional expressions. Social Neuroscience, 2(3–4), 167–178.

Chapter 5: Reading faces and bodies

Bentin, S., & Deouell, L. Y. (2000). Structural encoding and identification in face processing: ERP evidence for separate mechanisms. Cognitive Neuropsychology, 17(1), 35–54.

Downing, P., & Peelen, M. V. (2011). The role of occipitotemporal body-selective regions in person perception. Cognitive Neuroscience, 2(3/4), 186–203.

Zebrowitz, L. A., Luevano, V. X., Bronstad, P. M., & Aharon, I. (2009). Neural activation to babyfaced men matches activation to babies. Social Neuroscience, 4(1), 1–10.

Chapter 6: Understanding others

Baron-Cohen, S., Wheelwright, S., Stone, V., & Rutherford, M. (1999). A mathematician, a physicist and a computer scientist with Asperger syndrome: Performance on psychology and folk physics tests. Neurocase, 5, 475–483.

Carr, L., Iacoboni, M., Dubeau, M. C., Mazziotta, J. C., & Lenzi, G. L. (2003). Neural mechanisms of empathy in humans: A relay from neural systems for imitation to limbic areas. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 100(9), 5497–5502.

Scholz, J., Triantafyllou, C., Whitfield-Gabrieli, S., Brown, E. N., & Saxe, R. (2009). Distinct regions of right temporo-parietal junction are selective for theory of mind and exogenous attention. Plos One, 4(3), 7.

Shamay-Tsoory, S. G., Tibi-Elhanany, Y., & Aharon-Peretz, J. (2006). The ventromedial prefrontal cortex is involved in understanding affective but not cognitive theory of mind stories. Social Neuroscience, 1(3/4), 149–166.

Chapter 7: Interacting with others

Knoch, D., Schneider, F., Schunk, D., Hohmann, M., & Fehr, E. (2009). Disrupting the prefrontal cortex diminishes the human ability to build a good reputation. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 106(49), 20895–20899.

Moll, J., Krueger, F., Zahn, R., Pardini, M., de Oliveira-Souzat, R., & Grafman, J. (2006). Human fronto-mesolimbic networks guide decisions about charitable donation. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 103(42), 15623–15628.

Nowak, M. A. (2006). Five rules for the evolution of cooperation. Science, 314(5805), 1560–1563.

Sanfey, A., Rilling, J., Aaronson, J., Nystron, L., & Cohen, J. (2003). Probing the neural basis of economic decision-making: An fMRI investigation of the ultimatum game. Science, 300, 1755–1758.

Chapter 8: Relationships

Rodrigues, S. M., Saslow, L. R., Garcia, N., John, O. P., & Keltner, D. (2009). Oxytocin receptor genetic variation relates to empathy and stress reactivity in humans. Proceedings Of The National Academy Of Sciences Of The United States Of America, 106(50), 21437–21441.

Vritcka, P., Anderson, F., Grandjean, D., Sander, D., & Vuilleumier, P. (2008). Individual differences in attachment style modulates human amygdala and striatum activity during social appraisal. PLoS One, 3(8), e2868.

Vrticka, P., Bondolfi, G., Sander, D., & Vuilleumier, P. (2012). The neural substrates of social emotion perception and regulation are modulated by adult attachment style. Social Neuroscience, 7(5), 473–493.

Way, B. M., Taylor, S. E., & Eisenberger, N. I. (2009). Variation in the mu-opioid receptor gene (OPRM1) is associated with dispositional and neural

sensitivity to social rejection. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science, USA, 106(35), 15079–15084.

Younger, J., Aron, A., Parke, S., Chatterjee, N., & Mackey, S. (2010). Viewing pictures of a romantic partner reduces experimental pain: Involvement of neural reward systems. Plos One, 5(10), 7.

Chapter 9: Groups and identity

Amodio, D. M. (2008). The social neuroscience of intergroup relations. European Review of Social Psychology, 19, 1–54.

Kapogiannis, D., Barbey, A. K., Su, M., Zamboni, G., Krueger, F., & Grafman, J. (2009). Cognitive and neural foundations of religious belief. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 106(12), 4876–4881.

Lin, Z. C., & Han, S. H. (2009). Self-construal priming modulates the scope of visual attention. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 62(4), 802–813.

Chapter 10: Morality and antisocial behavior

Dimitrov, M., Phipps, M., Zahn, T. P., & Grafman, J. (1999). A thoroughly modern Gage. Neurocase, 5(4), 345–354.

Leslie, A. M., Mallon, R., & Di Corcia, J. A. (2006). Transgressors, victims and cry babies: Is basic moral judgment spared in autism? Social Neuroscience, 1(3/4), 270–283.

Neurobiological basis of violence: Collection of papers

Stanton, S. J., Beehner, J. C., Saini, E. K., Kuhn, C. M., & LaBar, K. S. (2009). Dominance, politics, and physiology: Voters’ testosterone changes on the night of the 2008 United States Presidential Election. PLoS One, 4(10), e754.

Chapter 11: Developmental social neuroscience

Ernst, M., Pine, D. S., & Hardin, M. (2006). Triadic model of the neurobiology of motivated behavior in adolescence. Psychological Medicine, 36(3), 299–312.

Farroni, T., Csibra, G., Simion, G., & Johnson, M. H. (2002). Eye contact detection in humans from birth. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science, USA, 99(14), 9602–9605.

Kuhl, P. K., Tsao, F. M., & Liu, H. M. (2003). Foreign-language experience in infancy: Effects of short-term exposure and social interaction on phonetic learning. Proceedings of The National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 100(15), 9096–9101.

Meltzoff, A. N., & Decety, J. (2003). What imitation tells us about social cognition: a rapprochement between developmental psychology and cognitive neuroscience. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London Series B-Biological Sciences, 358(1431), 491–500.

Author lecture recordings

Chapter 1: Introduction to social neuroscience:

Chapter 2: The methods of social neuroscience:

Chapter 3: Evolutionary origins:

Chapter 4: Emotion and motivation:

Chapter 5: Reading faces and bodies:

Chapter 6: Understanding others:

Chapter 7: Interacting with others:

Chapter 8: Relationships:

Chapter 9: Groups and identity:

Chapter 10: Morality and antisocial behavior:

Web links

Chapter 1: Introduction to social neuroscience [Joan Chiao: Cultural Neuroscience: Bridging Cultural and Biological Sciences] [Chris Frith: How the Brain Creates Culture] [A brief animation on the social brain] [Professor Ned Block: An interview with the philosopher on the mind–body problem] [VS Ramachandran: Mirror Neurons] [Russell Poldrack: From Reverse Inference to Pattern Classification] [Ralph Adolphs: The Social Brain] [Lisa Feldman Barrett: Models of the Mind symposium] [Randy Buckner: Models of the Mind symposium] [Randy Buckner, Lisa Feldman Barrett, and Amanda Pustilnik: Models of the Mind panel discussion]

Chapter 2: The methods of social neuroscience [Read Montague: What we're learning from 5,000 brains]; [Professor Steve Luck: Slides, videos, and other educational material relating to ERP analysis (for researchers who will gain hands-on experience)] [The Interactive Neuroanatomy website has good quality images of brain regions and systems that you can learn to label.] [The structure and function of neurons shown in a simple video clip] [MRI brain atlas allows you to navigate through slices of normal and damaged brains];;; [Lecture given by Professor Geoffrey Aguirre on the physics and biology of fMRI, with three other lectures as parts of this series covering various other issues about study design and analysis in depth, concerning fMRI.] [Professor Elizabeth Warrington: The history of neuropsychology] [A demonstration of Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation]; [A series of lectures at UCDavis on brain stimulation, particularly, the newer method of tDCS]

Chapter 3: Evolutionary origins [Giacomo Rizzolatti: Mirror neurons: from monkey to human] [Vittorio Gallese and Gregory Hickok: Debate: ‘Do Mirror Neurons Explain Anything?’];;; [Michael Tomasello: Four lectures on communication and cooperation] [Professor Michael Tomasello: Do Chimpanzees have a Theory of Mind?  [Robin Dunbar: Can the internet buy you more friends?] [Robin I. M. Dunbar: Nobel Conference 2008] [Are some birds as clever as chimps?]

Chapter 4: Emotion and motivation [Joseph Le Doux: Lecture on the Emotional Brain] [Elizabeth Phelps: Changing fear] [Edmund Rolls: ‘On the rules of cortical wiring and function, with implications for understanding psychiatric disorders’ [Morten Kringelbach: The joyful mind: the neuroscience of pleasure and happiness] [Paul Ekman: Do We All Have the Same Basic Emotions?] [Paul Ekman: What is an emotion?] [Antonio Damasio: How Our Brains Feel Emotion] [Jaak Panksepp: Science of emotion] [Ivan Pavlov: Classical conditioning] [Vicarious learning of fear conditioning] [Iowa gambling tasks] [James Gross: Emotion regulation] [Kevin Ochsner: Emotion regulation] [Roy Baumeister: Emotion regulation]

Chapter 5: Reading faces and bodies [Face recognition tests] [Participate in experiments] [Inferring personality traits from faces] [Transform your face into, for instance, a chimpanzee!] [Inferring physical and psychological traits from body motion] [Short clip of a woman with prosopagnosia – the inability to recognize faces] [In this clip we see a Capgras’ delusion patient, a condition presumably caused by impaired connections between the visual areas of the temporal lobe and the amygdala] [Joint attention in children] [David Perrett: In your face] [Nancy Kanwisher: A neural portrait of the human mind]

Chapter 6: Understanding others [Rebecca Saxe: How we read each other's minds] [Marco Iacoboni: Talks at Google] [Simon Baron Cohen: Male brains, autism, genes and culture] [The False Belief Test: Theory of Mind] [Anat Perry-Sharon: How Brain Mechanisms Enable Our Understanding of Others] [Uta Frith: Autism: The First Fifty Years] [Heider and Simmel animation of anthropomorphic thinking] [Tania Singer: The Neuroscience of Compassion]

Chapter 7: Interacting with others [Game Theory in The Dark Knight] [A resource for educators and students of game theory] [Play a monetary version of the Prisoner’s Dilemma] [Daniel Goleman: Why aren’t we more compassionate?] [Daniel Batson: Empathy Induced Altruism] [Toddler Altruism] [Numb3rs Ultimatum (Game Theory)] [Warren Holmes: The Evolution of Cooperation and the Paradox of Altruism] [Alan Sanfey: Social Emotions Matter] [Colin Camerer: Neuroscience, game theory, monkeys]

Chapter 8: Relationships [Helen Fisher: Why we love, why we cheat] [On Birds Flocking and Opposites Attracting: The data on Love] [The Strange Situation Test] [Harlow's study on monkeys' attachment] [Professor John Cacioppo: Connected Minds: Loneliness, Social Brains and the Need for Community] [Larry Young: The Reward System includes Vasopressin and Oxytocin] [Social Pain and Physical Pain] [Oxytocin - Prairie Vole Experiment] [Konrad Lorenz: Experiment with Geese] [Paul Zak: Trust, morality, and oxytocin] [The Science of Relationships: From Romance to Rejection] [Larry Young: The chemistry between us]

Chapter 9: Groups and identity [Nicholas Christakis: The hidden influence of social networks] [Virtual out-of-body experience] [Daniel Kahneman: The riddle of experience vs memory] [Implicit Association Test] [Paul Bloom: Can prejudice ever be a good thing?] [Libet’s experiment] [Susan Fiske: An interview] [Zimbardo’s Stanford prison experiment] [Jason Mitchell: Lecture on mentalizing] [Debate on ‘the self’] [Liz Phelps: A Lecture] [Mahzarin Banaji and Rebecca Saxe: A discussion] [Mahzarin Banaji: Interviews] [David Amodio: Social categories in the face]

Chapter 10: Morality and antisocial behavior [Trolley and Footbridge Dilemmas] [Several talks, including ‘The moral roots of liberals and conservatives’] [Discussion on morality] [The neuroanthropology of morality] [Steven Pinker: The myth of violence] [Simon Baron-Cohen: Zero Degrees of Empathy] [Robert Hare: An interview] [Bandura bobo doll experiment] [Steve Jones: Testosterone and Crime: What Can Genes Tell Us About Behavior?] [News article on the ‘warrior gene’] [Patricia Churchland: The Brains Behind Morality] [Joshua Greene] [Jorge Moll: An interview] [Rebecca Saxe: The role of rTPJ in morality] [James Blair: Psychopathy] [Antonio Damasio: The moral compass]

Chapter 11: Developmental social neuroscience [David Grubin: The Secret Life of the Brain (reveals the fascinating processes involved in brain development across a lifetime)] [The Way We Were: 10 Crucial Child Psychology Studies] [The Teen Brain: Primed to Learn, Primed to Take Risks] [Series of videos on the teenage brain] [Sarah-Jayne Blakemore: The Social Brain] [Andrew Meltzoff: Wiring the infant to learn from culture] [Sarah-Jane Blakemore: The mysterious working of the adolescent brain] [Experiments with altruism in children and chimps] [Michael Tomasello: Ontogenetic development of shared intentionality] [Renee Baillargeon:  How infants learn] [Podcast on implicit and explicit TOM] [Mindreading as a gatekeeper in development] [Baby face-recognition] [Neonate imitation]