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DronesDownload All (438 MB)
- Major Triads (109 MB)
- Minor Triads (113 MB)
- Perfect Fifth – Two Tones (110 MB)
- Perfect Fifth – Full Range (104 MB)
Drones are a very effective tool towards helping students develop both individual and ensemble intonation. The above drone files contain acoustically pure intervals.
Here are a few exercises to consider:
- Sing and Play scales (in solo or ensemble situations) -- use the mono (tonic pitch only), diad (open fifth), and triad drones (three pitches, either major or minor) that are included on this page and on the text’s CD.
- scales in unison
- chorale-style scales (Group 1 starts on the tonic, Group 2 enters on tonic as Group 1 reaches scale degree 3)
- the entire group on the same chord tone (then switch)
- 1/3 the group on the root, 1/3 on the fifth, 1/3 on the third (then switch)
Intonation Demonstration and Tests
A musician’s ability to perform with excellent intonation starts with the ability to identify the difference between in and out of tune. The below audio files are designed to help develop one's ability to recognize the difference between equal temperament intervals (intervals that result in beats) and just intonation (intervals without beats).Download All (8.10 MB)